Infant Hematoma

What is Infant Hematoma?

A hematoma in an infant is a devastating birth injury that can happen with trauma, as sometimes seen in vacuum- or forceps-assisted deliveries.

Hematomas in infants are relatively rare. The main reported risk factor for a hematoma in infants is use of vacuum extractors or forceps. Other risk factors can include prolonged labor and premature birth.

In a hematoma, blood pools outside of the blood vessels in the head. A hematoma puts pressure on the brain tissue and can lead to death or lifelong disability if not immediately diagnosed and treated. A hematoma generally requires surgery to drain the blood.

Signs and symptoms of a hematoma include:

  • Bulging fontanelles (soft spot)
  • Feeding difficulties
  • Seizures
  • High pitched cry
  • Increased head circumference
  • Lethargy
  • Persistent vomiting
Author:Birth Injury Justice Center
Birth Injury Justice Center

The Birth Injury Justice Center was founded in 2003 by a team of legal professionals to educate and empower victims and families affected by birth injuries. Our team is devoted to providing you with the best resources and legal information for all types of birth injuries.

Last modified: December 4, 2018

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Birth injuries are instances of physical harm during childbirth directly caused by medical errors. There are many types of birth injuries, ranging from mild to severe. Birth injuries—may cause irreversible damage. Birth injuries are instances of physical harm during childbirth directly caused by medical errors.

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