Birth Injury Lawsuit

Quick Answer

A birth injury lawsuit helps families take legal action and get financial compensation from health care providers who harmed their babies. Legal compensation from a birth injury lawsuit can help pay for the baby's medical treatment. See if you can work with an experienced lawyer to file a birth injury lawsuit now.

Get a Free Case Review

What Is a Birth Injury Lawsuit?

A birth injury lawsuit is a type of legal action filed against negligent doctors, nurses, hospitals, or other medical professionals that caused a child to develop a preventable birth injury.

Money won from a medical malpractice case can help pay for the medical treatment to give your child the best chance at improving their quality of life.

More specifically, compensation can help pay for:

  • Adaptive equipment
  • Medications
  • Mobility aids
  • Nursing and special care
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Special education costs
  • Speech therapy
  • Surgery
  • Other related expenses

$1 Million

the average medical malpractice claim payout for children under one month old

Source: TDC Group study

You may be eligible to file a lawsuit if your child developed an injury caused by preventable mistakes before, during, or shortly after birth. Get a free case review to see if you can work with an experienced birth injury attorney to get the money you deserve.

Free Legal Case Review

Do you suspect your child’s birth injury was caused by medical malpractice?

Get a Free Case Review

Why Should I File a Birth Injury Lawsuit?

There are many benefits to filing a birth injury lawsuit. Lawsuits can ease some of the burdens of caring for a disabled child and protect other families from birth injuries.

Learn more about why you should file a birth injury lawsuit below.

Cover Costs of Care

If your child has suffered a severe birth injury, their care requirements may be more costly than the average costs of raising a child.


of families who have children with special health care needs experience a financial burden from paying for their child’s condition.

Source: Massachusetts General Hospital

Financial compensation from a lawsuit can help you afford treatment to potentially improve your child’s overall quality of life.

Seek Justice

Birth injuries can affect your child for their entire life. They may not be able to move, walk, eat, or speak properly depending on the severity of their brain injury.

By filing a birth injury lawsuit, you can hold negligent medical professionals accountable for their preventable mistakes. Although it cannot undo the errors made, you can find some peace of mind knowing you won’t have to pay the medical costs for an injury that could have been avoided.

Help Other Families

mother with children playing guitar

Lawsuits can also help you raise awareness about a particular doctor or hospital. While your child may have been harmed due to an unavoidable problem, it may also mean that the doctor should not be practicing. Through a lawsuit, your story can alert other families who could be at risk.

Further, filing a lawsuit may also encourage other families who suffered a birth injury to also take legal action and get the compensation they deserve.


Take Our Milestones Quiz

Taking note of your child’s physical, social, and emotional skills can help you determine if they potentially suffered from an injury at birth. An early diagnosis can help your child get the treatment they need as soon as possible.

Q1: How old is your child?

0-2 Months

3-4 Months

5-6 Months

7-9 Months

10-12 Months

13-18 Months

19-23 Months

24+ Months


  • Q2: Hold their head steadily on their own?
  • Q3: Push themselves up when they are lying on their stomach?
  • Q4: Start to make smoother movements with their arms and legs?
  • Q5: Smile at other people?
  • Q6: Bring their hands to their mouth?
  • Q7: Turn their head when they hear a noise?
  • Q8: Coo or make gurgling noises?
  • Q9: Follow things with their eyes?
  • Q10: Try to look at their parents or caregivers?
  • Q11: Show boredom, cry, or fuss when engaged in an activity that hasn’t changed in awhile?
BACKBACK0-2-years old child


  • Q2: Hold their head steadily on their own?
  • Q3: Push down on their legs when their feet are on a flat surface?
  • Q4: Start to roll over from their stomach to their back?
  • Q5: Hold and shake a toy such as a rattle?
  • Q6: Bring their hands to their mouth?
  • Q7: Play with people and start to cry when the playing stops?
  • Q8: Smile spontaneously, especially at people?
  • Q9: Copy some movements and facial expressions of other people?
  • Q10: Babbles with expressions and copy sounds they hear?
  • Q11: Cries in different ways to show hunger, pain, or being tired?
  • Q12: Respond to affection like hugging or kissing?
  • Q13: Follows moving things with eyes from side to side?
  • Q14: Recognize familiar people at a distance?
BACKBACK3-4-years old child


  • Q2: Roll over on both sides (front to back/back to front)?
  • Q3: Begin to sit without support?
  • Q4: Rock back and forth?
  • Q5: Supports weight on legs and might bounce when standing?
  • Q6: Begin to pass things from one hand to another?
  • Q7: Bring objects such as toys to their mouth?
  • Q8: Know if someone is not familiar to them and is a stranger?
  • Q9: Respond to other people’s emotions such as a smile or a frown?
  • Q10: Enjoy looking at themselves in the mirror?
  • Q11: Look at things around them?
  • Q12: Respond to sounds they hear by making sounds themselves?
  • Q13: Make sounds to show joy or displeasure?
  • Q14: Respond to their own name?
  • Q15: Start to string vowels together such as "ah," "eh," "oh," or say consonant sounds such as "m" or "b"?
  • Q16: Begin to laugh?
BACKBACK5-6-years old child


  • Q2: Crawl?
  • Q3: Stand while holding onto something to support them?
  • Q4: Sit without support?
  • Q5: Pull themselves up to stand?
  • Q6: Play peek-a-boo?
  • Q7: Move things from one hand to another?
  • Q8: Pick small things up such as a piece of cereal with their thumb and index finger?
  • Q9: Look for things that they see you hide?
  • Q10: Watch the path of something as it falls?
  • Q11: Show fear over being around strangers?
  • Q12: Become clingy with adults familiar to them?
  • Q13: Have favorite toys?
  • Q14: Use their fingers to point?
  • Q15: Understand “no?”
  • Q16: Make a lot of repetitive sounds such as “mamama” or “bababa”?
  • Q17: Copy sounds and gestures of other people?
BACKBACK7-9 years old child


  • Q2: Stand alone with no support?
  • Q3: Walk while holding onto furniture?
  • Q4: Take a few steps without holding onto anything?
  • Q5: Get into a sitting position without any help?
  • Q6: Bang two things together when playing?
  • Q7: Poke with their index finger?
  • Q8: Start to use things like hair brushes or drinking cups correctly?
  • Q9: Find hidden objects easily?
  • Q10: Play peek-a-boo or pat-a-cake?
  • Q11: Become shy or nervous around strangers?
  • Q12: Repeat actions or sounds to get attention?
  • Q13: Puts out an arm or leg to help when getting dressed?
  • Q14: Cry when a parent leaves the room?
  • Q15: Show that they have favorite things or people?
  • Q16: Show fear?
  • Q17: Say things such as “mama,” “dada,” or “uh-oh”?
  • Q18: Try to say the words you say?
  • Q19: Start to use gestures like waving or shaking head “no”?
BACKBACK10-12 years old child


  • Q2: Walk by themselves?
  • Q3: Walk up stairs and run?
  • Q4: Pulls toys while walking?
  • Q5: Drink from a cup on their own?
  • Q6: Eat with a spoon on their own?
  • Q7: Can help undress themselves?
  • Q8: Have occasional temper tantrums?
  • Q9: Show affection to familiar people?
  • Q10: Become clingy in new situations?
  • Q11: Explore their environment alone with parents close by?
  • Q12: Say several single words?
  • Q13: Say and shake their head “no”?
  • Q14: Point to show things to other people?
  • Q15: Scribble?
  • Q16: Know what ordinary products such as phones, spoons, and brushes are used for?
  • Q17: Follow 1-step commands such as “sit down” or “stand up”?
  • Q18: Plays with a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feed them?
BACKBACK13-18 years old child


  • Q2: Begin to run?
  • Q3: Kick a ball?
  • Q4: Climb down and onto furniture on their own?
  • Q5: Walk up and down stairs while holding on?
  • Q6: Stand on their tiptoes?
  • Q7: Throw a ball overhand?
  • Q8: Copy others, especially people older than them?
  • Q9: Get excited around other children?
  • Q10: Show more independence as they age?
  • Q11: Do what they were told not to do and become defiant?
  • Q12: Point to things when they are named?
  • Q13: Know names of familiar people or body parts?
  • Q14: Say 2 to 4-word sentences?
  • Q15: Repeat words they hear?
  • Q16: Complete sentences and rhymes in familiar books?
  • Q17: Name items in books such as dogs, cats, birds, etc.?
  • Q18: Play simple pretend games?
  • Q19: Start to use one hand more than the other?
  • Q20: Begin to sort shapes and colors?
  • Q21: Follow 2-step instructions such as “pick up your hat and put it on your head?”
BACKBACK19-23 years old child


  • Q2: Run easily?
  • Q3: Climb?
  • Q4: Walk up and down stairs with one foot on each step?
  • Q5: Dress and undress themselves?
  • Q6: Show affection for friends without being told?
  • Q7: Take turns when playing games?
  • Q8: Show concern when others are crying?
  • Q9: Understand the idea of “mine,” “his,” or “hers”?
  • Q10: Show many different emotions?
  • Q11: Copy adults and friends?
  • Q12: Separate easily from their parents?
  • Q13: Get upset when there is a major change in their routine?
  • Q14: Say words such as “I,” “me,” “we,” “you,” and some plural nouns?
  • Q15: Say their first name, age, and gender?
  • Q16: Carry on a conversation with 2 to 3 sentences?
  • Q17: Work toys with buttons and other moving parts?
  • Q18: Play pretend with dolls, animals, or people?
  • Q19: Finish 3 or 4 piece puzzles?
  • Q20: Copy a circle when drawing?
  • Q21: Turn pages of a book one page at a time?
  • Q22: Turn door handles?
BACKBACK24 months + old child

Types of Birth Injury Lawsuits

There are a couple of different types of birth injury lawsuits that can be filed depending on your specific case. Work with an experienced birth injury lawyer to find out which one you may be eligible to file.

Learn more about the types of birth injury lawsuits below.

Medical Malpractice Lawsuits

Doctors commit medical malpractice when they fail to give quality medical care and keep the mother and baby safe during childbirth.

Medical malpractice claims must prove that your child’s injury was caused by medical negligence during the birthing process.

Some examples of medical negligence include:

  • Failure to detect signs of fetal distress such as low heart rate
  • Failure to perform a medically necessary C-section (cesarean section)
  • Failure to treat maternal infections such as meningitis
  • Failure to treat newborn jaundice or other conditions
  • Improper use of forceps or vacuum extractors
  • Use of force when pulling the baby out of the womb

Medical negligence can cause injuries such as brain damage, cerebral palsy, Erb’s palsy, and more.

Wrongful Death Lawsuits

Unfortunately, severe birth injuries can lead to death or intrauterine fetal demise if a doctor does not quickly respond to the trauma.

You may be eligible to file a wrongful death lawsuit if your child died as a result of preventable mistakes made before, during, or shortly after childbirth.

Birth Injury Lawsuit Process

Although every case is different, most birth injury lawsuits follow a similar process. The first step to filing a lawsuit is to contact a lawyer with experience in birth injury cases. A lawyer can help you file your case, gather evidence, strengthen your claim, and potentially win compensation.

Learn more about the steps in the birth injury lawsuit process below.

1. Free Case Review

A top birth injury law firm will give you a free case consultation. Before you file your claim, you must determine if you are eligible to file a birth injury lawsuit.

If your personal injury lawyer finds that you have a strong case, they will then determine how much compensation is needed to treat your child’s condition throughout their lifetime.

Talk to one of our caring nurse advocates to learn more about the next steps.

Nurse Beth Carter

Talk to A Nurse Now

Call or chat with a caring, experienced nurse right now — we’re standing by to get you help and answers.

2. Gather Evidence

Your lawyer will need to prove that your child’s injuries or death were caused by medical negligence. They will gather information and evidence related to your case to build a strong and successful claim.

This information may include:

  • A detailed series of events before, during, and after the delivery process
  • Maternal health records outlining any issues during pregnancy
  • Medical records describing the conditions your child suffers from due to the birth injury

3. File Lawsuit

Once your lawyers collect all relevant information, they will formally file your lawsuit. You will become the plaintiff, and the doctor and/or hospital being sued will become the defendant. The court will then issue a schedule for the case, such as mediation and trial dates.

Your lawsuit will ask for money from the defendants and they usually will have around 30 days to respond. If they do not respond, you will automatically win the case. If they do respond and refuse to pay you, they will explain why they are not responsible for the child’s injury.

4. Discovery

After the defendants respond to the complaint, your lawyer will gather more information to strengthen your case.

During this time, your lawyers may request additional medical records and other documents related to your child’s birth to provide more in-depth information. You, your loved ones, and medical experts may also have to give statements or answer questions under oath during this time.

A birth injury lawsuit will be resolved by either a birth injury settlement agreement or a trial verdict. The defendants may agree to a birth injury settlement, which involves paying a lump sum of money to the plaintiff. About 95% of birth injury lawsuits will end in a settlement.

In rare cases where a birth injury settlement is not agreed upon, the case will move on to trial. During a trial, a judge and/or jury will hear both arguments and determine if the plaintiff deserves financial compensation from the defendant.

Most birth injury lawyers will try to negotiate a settlement instead of going to court because trials are time-consuming, costly, and risky. If the court does not rule in your favor, you may receive no financial compensation at all.

Notable Birth Injury Lawsuit Amounts

Your birth injury lawyer will help determine your potential payout by calculating your case value. A case value is how much money your lawsuit is worth. Birth injury lawsuit case values vary by the specifics of your case.

Factors that may affect settlement amounts include:

  • The calculated lifetime cost of care for your child
  • Loss of income to care for a child’s injury
  • Past and present medical expenses
  • The severity of the birth injury
  • State limits on compensation amounts

The best way to determine the value of your claim is to get a free consultation from an experienced birth injury lawyer.

Although each case is different, it can be helpful to know how much compensation has been won from past lawsuits.

Notable birth injury lawsuit compensation amounts include:

  • $10.4 million

    for a Pennsylvania family

  • $9 million

    for an Alaska family

  • $8 million

    for a New York family

  • $7.8 million

    for a Florida family

  • $4.25 million

    for a California family

  • $950,000

    for a New Jersey family

File Your Birth Injury Lawsuit Today

Female lawyer writing in a book while working on a case

If your child has cerebral palsy, Erb’s palsy, or a similar condition, consider seeking help from a dedicated birth injury law firm. Medical malpractice attorneys at these specialized firms understand the fear and concerns that come with an injury at birth. They will serve as your guide throughout the legal process and make your child’s needs their top priority.

By working with a trusted legal team to pursue birth injury lawsuit compensation, you can rest assured knowing your child can get the treatment they deserve.

Get a free case review today to see if your child’s birth injury may have been preventable and if you qualify to file a lawsuit.

Birth Injury Lawsuit FAQs

Was my child’s birth injury preventable?

The best and only way to know if your child’s birth injury was preventable is to contact a lawyer for a case evaluation.

Doctors have a duty to uphold a high standard of care. An experienced attorney specializing in birth injury cases can help you determine if your child’s injury was caused by negligence and if you can file a birth injury lawsuit.

How much does it cost to file a birth injury lawsuit?

Filing a birth injury lawsuit with a top attorney should come at no cost to you. The best lawyers work on a contingency fee basis, meaning they do not collect any upfront costs.

Your lawyer will only get paid if you win your lawsuit and secure compensation. Your legal team will collect a small percentage of the overall total won in your lawsuit.

How long does a birth injury lawsuit take?

How long a birth injury claim will take depends on your specific case. One of the most influential factors is whether your lawsuit reaches a settlement or goes to trial. Trials can add more time to the case, as they typically occur only if lawyers try to reach a settlement but fail to do so.

Your lawyer can give you a better idea of when you will get money from your birth injury lawsuit as the case progresses.

When should I file a birth injury lawsuit?

You should file your birth injury lawsuit as soon as possible. Each state has a statute of limitations that places a time limit on how long you have to file a lawsuit. You may lose your right to sue forever if you file after the deadline has expired.

Get a free case review today to see if you can file a birth injury lawsuit today.

Birth Injury Support Team

The Birth Injury Justice Center was founded in 2003 by a team of legal professionals to educate and empower victims and families affected by birth injuries. Our team is devoted to providing you with the best resources and legal information for all types of birth injuries.

View 10 Sources
  1. Boeschen, C. (2011, October 10). Birth-Related medical malpractice. Retrieved September 16, 2021, from
  2. Civil cases. (n.d.). Retrieved September 16, 2021, from
  3. Data and statistics for cerebral palsy. (2020, December 31). Retrieved September 16, 2021, from
  4. Katz, R. T., & Johnson, C. B. (2013, April 13). Life care planning for the child with cerebral palsy. Retrieved September 16, 2021, from
  5. Kuhlthau, K., Smith Hill, K., Yucel, R., & Perrin, J. M. (2005, June). Financial burden for families of children with special health care needs. Retrieved September 16, 2021, from
  6. Medical malpractice: Who can be sued? (2019, October 02). Retrieved September 16, 2021, from
  7. Questions and answers about your personal injury case. (2018, November 29). Retrieved September 16, 2021, from
  8. Ranum, D. Study of malpractice claims involving children. Retrieved September 16, 2021, from
  9. What is malpractice? (n.d.). Retrieved September 16, 2021, from,trea
  10. What to expect - a lawsuit chronology. (2016, June 21). Retrieved September 16, 2021, from Accessed December 21, 2018.
Back to Top